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Colorimetry is the science behind the measurement of color. A variety of industries and interest groups pushed the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) to standardize color at the beginning of the 20th Century. As early as 1912, to settle disputes at the time, a cottonseed oil firm and representatives of the butter and oleomargarine industries called on NBS for help with color grading of their products. This research opened up a whole new branch of physics for investigation. After three decades of research and investigations, NBS published its dictionary of colors and color names in 1955. The research has continued over time and its modern equivalent can be found in the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) color and appearance metrology facility, which supports calibration services for colored and gloss samples and research in colorimetric characterization. [From: Measures for Progress by Rexmond C. Cochrane, p. 270-271]

 

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